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Clearinghouse of CAT Policy Frameworks and Policy Statements

The intent of this page is to share cooperative automated transportation (CAT) policy frameworks and statements identified by the Policy, Legislative, and Regulatory (PLR) Working Group. 

The frameworks included in the table below are not intended to be an all-inclusive list.  Rather, the intent is to share the examples that this working group has identified. If you would like to add CAT policy statements to the list below, please email Pat Zelinski information about the statements at A more comprehensive list of CAT legislation is available from NCSL.


Agency / Organization


Summary of Content


Law Enforcement Protocol for Fully Autonomous Vehicles

  • Includes the policy statement on testing or operation of autonomous vehicles;
  • Includes key definitions of terms
  • Includes requirements for fully autonomous vehicle companies
  • Describes the enforcement protocols
New South Wales, Australia Connected and Automated Vehicle Plan Five-year CAV Plan for New South Wales with clear goals and actions to embrace technology and address potential challenges like cybersecurity and ensuring safe interactions between automated vehicles and other road users.
Centralina Council of Governments, Great Charlotte Area

Automated and Connected Vehicle (ACV) Roadmap

  • Highlights ACV technologies;
  • Provides near- and long-term actions with associated obstacles and solutions for a collaborative approach for all regional partners for various issue areas like fleet management, transportation planning, infrastructure costs, and land use planning.
Colorado CAT Program
Includes mission, purpose, issues, objectives, priorities, and risks associated with the Connected and Autonomous Technology in Colorado.
General I-95 Corridor Coalition CAV Workshop Report Overview of CAV initiatives, barriers to implementation, next steps.
Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers: Alliance Model State AV Bill Includes definitions, driverless operations of ADS-equipped vehicles, operation of ADS-equipped vehicles with a conventional human driver, insurance, reporting of accidents, on-demand driverless capable vehicle network, controlling authority, and construction.
American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA): Guidelines for the safe Testing of Highly Automated Vehicles

This report contains voluntary recommendations for jurisdictions that choose to regulate testing and deployment of HAVs.

  • Report contains four major sections:
  • Administrative considerations
  • Vehicle credentialing considerations
  • Law enforcement considerations
  • Driver license considerations
American Trucking Association (ATA): Automated Truck Policy (October 24, 2017)
  • Policy statements related to safety;
  • Policy statement related to flow of interstate commerce;
  • Policy statements related to Federal Preemption and State’s Rights;
  • Policy statements related to Uniform State Laws;
  • Policy statements related to Freedom of Choice vs. Mandates;
  • Policy statements related to Infrastructure and Connectivity;
  • Policy statements related to Public Education;
  • Policy statements related to Maintainability.
This document is intended to provide a framework as metropolitan planning organizations (MPOs) incorporate vehicle connectivity and automation into their metropolitan transportation planning process and work to guide its deployment to help meet regional transportation needs and goals. It is intended to assist MPOs as they explore the implications of vehicle connectivity and automation for the transportation system, its users, and the concept of mobility.
Autonomous Vehicle Policy Framework Summit Final Product Report

The Autonomous Vehicle Policy Framework Summit  brought together top-level people working with AVs from various states to formulate draft policies related to AVs. This document addresses a wide range of issues including, but not limited to, greater access, equity, reducing transportation-related greenhouse gases, vehicle safety, public health, land use planning issues, community livability, parking and managing the streets. The effort builds on past policy discussions to offer a framework for governmental bodies to better prepare for AVs.

ITS America: Shailen Bhatt Testimony on Innovation and America’s Infrastructure: Examining the Effects of Emerging Autonomous Technologies on America’s Roads and Bridges

Describes a vision for a better future transformed by intelligent mobility, highlighting:

  • The next generation of mobility;
  • Safer. Greener. Smarter;
  • Vehicle to Infrastructure;
  • Road Environment and Traffic Management;
  • Electric Vehicle Charging Infrastructure;
  • An Infrastructure Plan that Lays the Groundwork for Connected and Automated Vehicles; and
  • A National Framework for Automated Vehicle Development and Deployment
National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws: Uniform Automated Operation of Vehicles Act The Automated Operation of Vehicles Act addresses a narrow but foundational set of the many legal and policy issues raised by automated driving. It is intended to explicitly accommodate and specifically regulate the automated operation of automated vehicles.
Society of Actuaries: Market Framework and Outlook for Automated Vehicle Systems Written for actuaries and the insurance industry. The goal of the report is to classify the major technologies and their pace of development and thereby understand the market direction and possible implications for vehicle safety.
Georgia Report of the Georgia House Autonomous Vehicle Technology Study Committee
  • Focus on liability issues;
  • Reviewed various strategies and approaches to the development of autonomous vehicles;
  • Provides high-level recommendations.
Provides recommendations for additional legislative and regulatory action for the safe testing and operation of motor vehicles equipped with autonomous technology.
Connected and Automated (CAV) Business Plan (January 2019)
  • Identifies and captures the results of FDOT’s coordination through internal and external meetings and workshops.
  • Outlines preparation efforts for Florida’s infrastructure while drawing upon lessons learned from prior FDOT projects.
  • Identifies specific CAV short-term to long-term action items.


Autonomous Illinois: The New State of Mobility

   Sets the following goals for the next 5-10 years:

  • Passenger and commercial vehicles with various degrees of automated capabilities travel safely throughout the state, alongside non-automated vehicles.
  • Companies proactively come to Illinois to develop, test and bring their products to market because of Illinois’ world-class CAV ecosystem.
  • Goods travel efficiently and safely through Illinois maintaining the state’s economic advantage as the hub of the North American freight network.
  • The state operates and delivers services effectively and efficiently with the use of CAV technology.
  • CAVs travel into and out of Illinois seamlessly because of regulation and coordination at federal, state and local levels of government.
  • Needs are anticipated, and technical training and curriculums are developed to prepare a changing workforce.
Louisiana Investigation into Legislative Action Needed to Accommodate the Future Safe Operation of Autonomous Vehicles in the State of Louisiana
  • Addresses autonomous vehicles and the regulation of their operation in Louisiana;
  • Reviews enacted or proposed legislation for connected and autonomous vehicles in other states;
  • Provide recommendations on legislative and regulatory action to best accommodate autonomous vehicles.
Maryland Maryland CAV Strategic Framework
  • Call to action for all stakeholders in Maryland
  • Identifies 5 key focus areas to support CAV in the State
  • Provides guidance on CAV initiatives
  • Includes mechanism to continue the conversation with the broader Maryland CAV Program
Massachusetts Report of Autonomous Vehicles Working Group
Overview of technologies, governance, and policy considerations.
Michigan Overview of CAV technologies, Michigan initiatives, goals and strategies, current projects and tactical actions, strategy alignment and opportunities.
Minnesota The Governor’s Advisory Council on Connected and Automated Vehicles Executive Report
  • Provides background on CAV, and why CAV is important to Minnesota;
  • Describes Minnesota’s current CAV initiatives;
  • Includes the Minnesota CAV Advisory Council’s recommendations;
  • Describes stakeholder engagement and public feedback; and
  • Provides background on the Governor’s executive order.
North Carolina Overview of CAVs and state of industry, and within North Carolina: current initiatives, laws and regulations, and activities roadmap for seven key initiatives.


State of Oregon Task Force on Automated Vehicles


  • Overview of automated vehicle technology and considerations that prompted the creation of the task force
  • Task force membership, structure, and process
  • Elements of a permitting process for testing highly automated vehicles in the state and additional policy recommendations in each of the subcommittee areas
  • Topics for further consideration identified by the task force


Pennsylvania Autonomous Vehicle Testing Policy: Final Draft Report of the Autonomous Vehicle Policy Task Force


  • Minimum Approval for (Highly Automated Vehicle) HAV Testers
  • Who is the Driver?
  • Operation of HAVs
  • Vehicle Characteristics, Capabilities, and Security
  • Data Collection
  • Testing Approval and Renewal
PA Joint Statewide CAV Strategic Plan
Overview of CAV perspective, business case, and plan development with gaps; CAV program vision, mission, strategic goals, objectives, recommended steps, and proposed pilot projects.
Pennsylvania Turnpike CAV Program Roadmap Overview of CAVs, roadmap goals, focus of applications, needs, prioritized CAV applications, short-term projects, funding sources, and implementation strategy for short-, mid-, and long-term.
Virginia Virginia Automated 20xx Strategic Plan

Describes the included key elements and the process for drafting the framework under development.

Connected and Automated Vehicle Program Plan
  • Identifies goals and objectives for the CAV program;
  • Identifies national and Virginia CAV initiatives;
  • Describes near-, mid-, and long-term actions for a CAV deployment work program;

Washington State DOT (WSDOT)

Cooperative Automated Transportation (CAT) Policy Framework

To achieve this vision, this policy framework sets shared expectations to guide and monitor technology implementation. The framework is intended to spur innovation and investment while improving safety, mobility, and transportation system efficiency.

Washington, D.C.

Autonomous Vehicles Principles Statement

 Structured around four principles:

1.    Safety - Reduce driver, passenger, and pedestrian injuries and fatalities, and protect consumer data

2.    Equity - Improve access across geographies and populations, improve accessibility

3.    Efficiency - Reduce the inefficiencies and negative externalities of congestion, reduce costs, reduce pollution, improve movement

4.    Sustainability - Improve environmental impacts, be financially sustainable, adapt to changes


Report of the Governor’s Steering Committee On Autonomous and Connected Vehicle Testing and Deployment

  • The primary recommendation of this report is to remove or modify Wisconsin laws that are barriers to the safe testing and deployment of connected and automated
  • Vehicles in Wisconsin.
  • The secondary recommendation of the steering committee is for the state to continue to stay abreast of CAV testing and deployment through the creation of an ongoing working  group.